Showing posts with label government. Show all posts
Showing posts with label government. Show all posts

Thursday, July 09, 2015

Significantly higher rate of foodborne illness and death in cities with plastic bag bans

In 2007, San Francisco, CA became the first county in the US (or anywhere) to ban plastic bags at grocery stores. A 2012 study titled Grocery Bag Bans and Foodborne Illness by Jonathan Klick University of Pennsylvania and Joshua d. Wright of George Mason University stated the following,

We find that the San Francisco County ban is associated with a 46 percent increase in deaths from foodborne illnesses. 

The study not only links deaths to the plastic bag ban, but also the additional costs of illness for those who get sick, but do not die.  What is the reason for more people getting sick?  The study claims it is because we are reusing our reusable shopping bags without cleaning them between uses!

The study goes on to point out that similar increases in illnesses from foodborne diseases have been seen in other communities that have since also banned plastic bags.


I pointed out this potential problem about six years ago in my Tuesday Two/Epoch-Fail series, where I stated,

And what of reusable canvas bags? Heh. Guess what. You have to buy them. They get very unsanitary very quickly. Wanna guess how many patrons are not washing them regularly? There are reasons behind our strict food handling guidelines, and canvas bags now represent a very weak link in food safety

The Grocery Bag Bans and Foodborne Illness study isn't perfect, but it does coincide with my statements.  However, it's not just about keeping bags washed.  The study finds that we store the reusable bags in places that tend to breed bacteria, such as car trunks.

The study also points out that the overall cost of the ban doesn't come close to breaking even with the benefit seen to the environment as a result of the ban.  In other words, the cost of plastic bag bans is substantially greater than the cost benefit to the environment!

The problem is that we have local governments making rules about society without proper research in vain attempts at social engineering.  Before the plastic bag bans went into effect, these governments should've found and implemented safe alternatives.  It's been eights years since that original ban, and we still do not have safe alternatives even being proposed!  What we do have is more cities and counties pushing for expansion of the ban, despite the harm it causes us and the lack of actual benefit to the environment.

Saturday, June 13, 2015

Jury Duty in the Bay State (They finally caught me)

I've managed to avoid serving on a Jury for over twenty years.  I did have to go in for Jury Duty one time for a case in California, but didn't get picked.  Massachusetts works a bit differently. They don't call juries for individual cases, but rather call in a pool of people who are made available to any cases that happen to be in the process of jury selection for that day.  You have to make yourself available for the day for any cases that might call for a jury.  If you get dismissed from one jury, you have to go back to the pool.  There is still a high chance that you'll be called in for another case later that day.  The advantage of this is that you service for one day in the pool, or if you get picked, you serve for one case.  Once complete, you are off the hook from having to serve for three years.

I was dismissed from the first case of the day.  That case was predicted to have a 4 to 5 day length.  After returning to the jury pool, several of us were called into another case.  That case was for a DUI, and the judge predicted the trial would be complete before the end of the day.

The case was simple enough.  A man was pulled over in the middle of the night for suspicion of driving a vehicle while being impaired by alcohol.  It wasn't a straightforward DUI case.  There was no alcohol blood level evidence presented.  The officer, who was forthrightly doing his duty, did a fine job in identifying a driver who was possibly impaired.  His testimony was based solely on observations of the car for a very brief period of time, a smell of alcohol within the vehicle once he approached, a smell of alcohol on the driver's breath, and somewhat convoluted description of field sobriety tests and results.  The driver passed one test, and technically failed another, though not in a manner that one would expect to rise to the level of being impaired while driving.

There was a lot of repetition of statements and evidence while the trial went on for a few hours. There was evidence that had nothing to do with the case.  There was contradictory evidence presented by the prosecutor.  There was flaws in the evidence that the defense attorney pointed out very well.

In the end, the jury of six people, including myself, came to the conclusion that the evidence did not prove the individual was impaired.  I'm sure the District Attorney's office was a little disappointed by our jury's ruling, but they really didn't make their case.

The big surprize for me was the frankness and approachability of the judge.  He walked his jury through the process from beginning to end, with the full understanding that most of us had no idea how anything worked.  He explained the law well, as well.  After the trial was over, he visited with us one last time to see if there was anything in the process that we felt needed improvement.  None of us could think of anything.  I think we were just grateful to be on a quick in-and-out case that didn't have a lot of evidence to review.  As suggested by the Judge, we were done before the end of the day.

Did I come out of the process with a new found respect for it?  Not really.  I wouldn't mind serving on smaller, one-day cases at some future point. I am just thankful I didn't get tied up with a case that lasts a week.